OMCT: Greece: Ongoing arbitrary restriction to freedom of movement of minority rights defender Slavko Mangovski

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Greece: Ongoing arbitrary restriction to freedom of movement of minority rights defender Slavko Mangovski

 CASE GRE 181116.1
HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS


Restrictions to freedom of movement /

Entry ban / Arbitrary detention

The International Secretariat of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) requests your urgent intervention in the following situation in Greece.

 

New information:

 

The International Secretariat of OMCT has been informed by the Greek Helsinki Monitor (GHM) about the ongoing arbitrary restriction to freedom of movement of Mr. Slavko Mangovski, Macedonian minority activist who has been for years cooperating also with GHM.

 

According to the information received, on March 2, 2019, Mr. Mangovski was denied entry into Greece under the argument that an alert refusing entry in the country has been issued against him in the national register. Mr. Mangovski’s attempt to enter Greece followed the reception of a letter from the Greek Ombudsman, dated October 15, 2018 but received only in mid February 2019, in which the Ombudsman informed him that he was not listed into the list of undesirable third country nationals kept at the Greek Police Headquarters in Athens. The involvement of the Greek Ombudsman follows a complaint filed in May 2018 by the GHM on behalf of Mr. Mangovski as well as Ms. Trendafilka Sandeva, a lawyer with long-term cooperation with GHM on human rights issues who’s also facing an entry ban, as well as a second complaint filed by Mr. Mangovski in October 2018.

 

OMCT recalls that this is not the first attack against Mr. Slavko Mangovski (see background information) and highlights that the situation of human rights defenders and solidarity actors in Greece has been critical for years. Human rights defenders working on migrants’ and minority rights are consistently targeted for their legitimate work and face different types of attacks, including surveillance, arbitrary arrests, detentions, ill-treatment, entry bans and expulsion[1]. At the same time, several complaints related to racism and minority’s rights have not been investigated and/or have been sent to the “archive of unknown perpetrators[2]. OMCT is particularly concerned by the continued increasing of violent attacks and threats against minority rights defenders in Greece[3].

 

OMCT condemns the use of entry bans against defenders and journalists working on the rights of minorities on the ground of posing threats to national security, which appears only to be aimed at sanctioning their legitimate human rights activities. OMCT urges the Greek authorities including the Greek Ombudsman to promptly and efficiently investigate the allegations as well as to ensure a due process including by providing all relevant documents that would allegedly justify an entry ban against Mr. Mangovski and Ms. Sandeva. Finally, we urge the Greek authorities to immediately and unconditionally lift such bans and more generally to put an end to all acts of harassment against all migrants and minority rights defenders in Greece.

 

Background information:

 

On August 11, 2000, a ban preventing him from entering Greece was issued against Mr. Mangovski. Such decision was lifted two days after GHM intervened before the Greek authorities on his behalf.

 

On October 24, 2016, Mr. Mangovski was travelling from Macedonia to Greece in order to meet with Macedonian minority activists. At the Niki/Medzitlija Macedonian-Greek border crossing, he was denied entrance to Greece and informed that he was, since June 4, 2013, listed on the national registry of persons not allowed entering the Greek territory. The authorities provided him with a copy of the official document pronouncing his ban; it was the first time Mr. Mangovski learned about the existence of such ban against him, which prevented him from being able to use in a timely manner the available legal remedy to contest such measure soon after it was imposed. Moreover, he was given no explanation either about the grounds of the ban or the length of the measure.

 

The International Secretariat of OMCT is concerned that the ongoing ban could be linked to Mr. Mangovski’s participation as a speaker to the joint Macedonian Human Rights Movement International (MHRMI) and Association of Refugee Children from Aegean Macedonia (ARCAM) Gala Banquet on June 1, 2013, in Toronto, commemorating the 65th anniversary of the plight of the Detsa Begaltsi (Macedonian minority Children Refugees from the Greek Civil War).

 

Actions requested:

 

Please write to the authorities in Greece, urging them to:

 

  1. Guarantee the freedom of movement of Mr. Slavko Mangovski and Ms. Trandaflika Sandeva, by immediately and unconditionally lifting the prohibition to enter the country which was issued against them, as it seems to only aim at sanctioning their legitimate human rights activities;

 

  1. Promptly and efficiently investigate these acts of harassment against including any potential individual responsibilities within the Greek administration, as well as to ensure a due process including by providing all relevant documents that would allegedly justify an entry ban against them;

 

  • Put an end to all acts of harassment against Mr. Mangovski and Ms. Sandeva, as well as against all minority rights defenders in Greece, so that they are able to carry out their work without hindrance or fear of reprisals;

 

  • Conform with the provisions of the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 9, 1998, especially Articles 1 and 12.2; and

 

  1. More generally, ensure in all circumstances the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and with international and regional human rights instruments ratified by Greece.

 

 

Addresses:

 

  • Prime Minister of Greece, Mr. Alexis Tsipras, Email: mail@primeminister.gr
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor George Katrougkalos, grypex@mfa.gr dgypex@mfa.gr
  • Minister of Justice Mr. Michalis Kalogirou Email: grammateia@justice.gov.gr
  • Minister for Citizens Protection of Greece, Ms. Olga Gerovasili, Email: minister@mopocp.gov.gr
  • General Secretary for Transparency and Human Rights, Ms. Maria Yannakaki, Fax: Email: ggdad@justice.gov.gr
  • Permanent Representative of Greece, Ms. Anna Korka, Permanent Mission of Greece to the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, Email: gva@mfa.gr
  • Ambassador of Greece, H.E. Eleftheria Galathianaki, Embassy of Greece in Brussels, Belgium,  Email: bru@mfa.gr
  • Permanent Representative of Greece, H.E. Papastavrou Andreas, Permanent Representation to the European Union (EU),  Email: bruxelles@rp-greece.be

 

Please also write to the diplomatic mission or embassy of Greece in your respective country.

 

***

 

Geneva-Brussels, March 6, 2019

 

Kindly inform us of any action undertaken quoting the code of this appeal in your reply.

 

 

Created in 1985, the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) is the main coalition of non-governmental organisations (NGO) fighting against torture, summary executions, enforced disappearances and all other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, as well as for the protection of human rights defenders. With more than 200 affiliated organisations in its SOS-Torture Network, OMCT aims at accompanying, reinforcing and protecting anti-torture organisations in particular in erosive environments and provides a comprehensive system of support and protection for human rights defenders around the world.

 

[1]           See OMCT’s “Written Submission to the 35th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council on the situation of minority rights defenders”, issued on February 21, 2018.

[2]           See OMCT’s Urgent appeal “Greece: Impunity regarding the attacks perpetrated in December 2016 against minority rights defenders“, issued on February 21, 2018

[3]           See the Observatory (OMCT-FIDH), Urgent Appeal on the break-in and arson attack of the Afghan Community Centre’s premises in Athens and the threats targeting the Hellenic League for Human Rights (HLHR), GRE 001 / 0318 / OBS 036, published on March 30, 2018.

Εκλογή Παναγιώτη Δημητρά στο ΔΣ του Ευρωπαϊκού Δικτύου Εφαρμογής (αποφάσεων ΕΔΔΑ)

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Στην Πρώτη Γενική Συνέλευση του Ευρωπαϊκού Δικτύου Εφαρμογής (αποφάσεων ΕΔΔΑ) – European Implementation Network (EIN) την 1 Δεκεμβρίου 2018 στο Στρασβούργο εκλέχτηκε το νέο 10μελές ΔΣ του EIN στο οποίο μετέχει και ο Εκπρόσωπος του (μέλους του ΕΙΝΕλληνικού Παρατηρητηρίου των Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι Παναγιώτης Δημητράς.

Στην παραπάνω φωτογραφια του ΔΣ, στη δεύτερη σειρά Malcolm Langford, Philip Leach, Adam Weiss, Παναγιώτης Δημητράς, Krasimir Kanev, Vladislav Gribincea, Kristina Todorovic και στην πρώτη σειρά Basak Cali, Dominika Bychawska-Siniarska, Nigel Warner.


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Ο Παναγιώτης Δημητράς είναι επίσης μέλος του Εκτελεστικού Συμβουλίου της Ευρωπαϊκής Ουμανιστικής Ομοσπονδίας – European Humanist Federation (EHF) από το 2014, ως Εκπρόσωπος της Ένωσης Ουμανιστών Ελλάδας (ΕΝΩ.ΟΥΜ.Ε.).


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Τέλος, ο Παναγιώτης Δημητράς είναι μέλος της Γενικής Συνέλευσης της Παγκόσμιας Οργάνωσης κατά των Βασανιστηρίων – World Organisation against Torture (OMCT).


OMCT: Greece: Smear Campaigns and new threats against Advocates Abroad and its Executive Director Ariel Ricker

κατάλογος

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Human rights defenders/Urgent Interventions/Greece/2018/November

Greece: Smear Campaigns and new threats against Advocates Abroad and its Executive Director Ariel Ricker

CASE GRE 220518.1

HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS

Death and rape threats / Smear Campaign

November 29, 2018

The International Secretariat of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) requests your urgent intervention in the following situation in Greece.

New information:

The International Secretariat of OMCT has been informed by the Greek Helsinki Monitor (GHM) about new threats against the volunteers of Advocates Abroad and particularly against its Executive Director, Ms. Ariel Ricker, in the context of a smear campaign against the organisation. Advocates Abroad is a legal aid civil society organisation which aims to inform refugees of their rights in Greece.

According to the information received, Ms. Ricker and the volunteers of Advocates Abroad have received more than 37,000 death and rape threats, particularly over social media channels following a smear campaign initiated with the publication of a video distributed by a far-right group. The video distorted the work of Advocates Abroad upholding migrants’ rights by presenting out of context excerpts of a conversation held with Ms. Ariel Ricker recorded with a hidden camera. The video misrepresented the work of the organisation and tried to make it appear as if Advocates Abroad were instructing asylum-seekers to lie and misrepresent their stories so as to be granted refugee statute in Europe.

OMCT recalls that this is not the first attack against Ms. Ariel Ricker and Advocates Abroad and highlights that the situation of human rights defenders and solidarity actors in Greece has been critical for years. Human rights defenders working on migrants’ and minority rights are consistently targeted for their legitimate work and face different types of attacks, including surveillance, arbitrary arrests, detentions, ill-treatment, entry bans and expulsion[1]. Moreover, several complaints related to racism and minority’s rights have not been investigated and/or have been sent to the “archive of unknown perpetrators”[2]. OMCT is particularly concerned by the continued increasing of violent attacks and threats against minority rights defenders in Greece[3].

OMCT condemns the smear and threats campaign against Advocates Abroad and recalls the essential role that organisations like Advocates Abroad are carrying out to defend the human rights of people in the move in a context of systematic violations of international human rights standards by the European Union and its member states. We urge the Greek authorities to ensure the physical and psychological integrity of Ms. Ricker and all the members of Advocates Abroad and to establish guarantees for the right to defend human rights in Greece.

Background information:

On April 22, 2018, at around midnight, Ms. Ariel Ricker was attacked and hit by a brick thrown at her head while she was standing guard in a solidarity circle to protect women and children refuges gathered for several days in Sappho Square, Lesvos, to protest against the conditions in Moria camp, from a group of rioters. The brick broke the safety helmet Ms. Ariel Ricker was wearing and was concussed and felt to the ground. Another solidarity actor was roughly hit with a brick 20 minutes later. Hours later, after being able to reach the hospital, Ms. Ricker was examined briefly by one nurse, then given one X-Ray and one MRI, and sent home without medication or prescription for medication.

These attacks took place in the context of a broader assault against the refugees gathered in Sappho Square, that began around 20:00, by a group of rioters. Firecrackers, bottles of water, stunners, flares, glasses from the cafes, and bricks were continuously thrown all night by the rioters at the refugees and the solidarity circle.

The police had formed four lines but failed to adequately defend the refugees and the solidarity actors and human rights defenders who were accompanying them. They even threatened multiple times to beat refugees and solidarity actors, including Ms. Ricker if they did not stay within the solidarity circle and put away their cameras. Additionally, although the attacks happened before their eyes, the police did not arrest the perpetrators of the attacks against Ms. Ricker and other defenders, while they arrested over 100 protesting refugees for illegal camping[4].

Actions requested:

Please write to the authorities in Greece, urging them to:

  1. Put in place all necessary measures to guarantee the security and the physical and psychological integrity of Ms. Ariel Ricker and all other members of Advocates Abroad, as well as of all minority rights defenders in Greece;
  1. Put an end to all acts of harassment against Ms. Ariel Ricker, as well as all minority rights defenders in Greece, so that they are able to carry out their work without hindrance or fear of reprisals;

iii.             Comply with all the provisions of the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 9, 1998, in particular with its Articles 1, 5(b), and 12.2;

  1. Ensure in all circumstances the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and with international human rights instruments ratified by Greece.

Addresses:

 

  • Prime Minister of Greece, Mr. Alexis Tsipras, Email: mail@primeminister.gr
  • Minister of Justice Mr. Stavros Kontonis Email: grammateia@justice.gov.gr
  • Alternate Minister for Citizens Protection of Greece, Mr. Nikolaos Toskas, Fax: +30 210 692 9764, Email: minister@mopocp.gov.gr
  • General Secretary for Transparency and Human Rights, Ms. Maria Yannakaki, Fax: Email: ggdad@justice.gov.gr
  • Deputy Permanent Representative of Greece, Mr. Ioannis Tsaousis, First Counsellor, Permanent Mission of Greece to the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, Fax: +41 22 732 21 50; Email: grdel.gva@mfa.gr
  • Ambassador of Greece, H.E. Eleftheria Galathianaki, Embassy of Greece in Brussels, Belgium, Fax: (+32) 2 545 5585, Email: gremb.bru@mfa.gr
  • Permanent Representative of Greece, H.E. Papastavrou Andreas, Permanent Representation to the European Union (EU), Fax: +32 2 5515651, 5127912 Email: mea.bruxelles@rp-greece.be

Please also write to the diplomatic representations of Greece in your respective countries.

***

Geneva-Brussels, November 29, 2018

Kindly inform us of any action undertaken quoting the code of this appeal in your reply.

Created in 1985, the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) works for, with and through an international coalition of over 200 non-governmental organisations – the SOS-Torture Network – fighting torture, summary executions, enforced disappearances, arbitrary detentions, and all other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment in the world. OMCT and its SOS-Torture Network are today one of the leading networks working for the protection of human rights defenders at the international level.

[1]           See OMCT’s Written Submission to the 35th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council on the
against minority human rights defenders”, issued on February 21, 2018.

[2]           See OMCT’s Urgent appeal “Greece: Impunity regarding the attacks perpetrated in December 2016 against minority rights defenders“, issued on February 21, 2018

[3]           See the Observatory (OMCT-FIDH), Urgent Appeal on the break-in and arson attack of the Afghan Community Centre’spremises in Athens and the threats targeting the Hellenic League for Human Rights (HLHR), GRE 001 / 0318 / OBS 036, published on March 30, 2018.

[4]           See https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-04-23/greece-police-disperse-migrant-protest-on-lesbos-island)

OMCT Urgent Appeals: Greece: Physical attacks and threats against refugee rights defender Ms. Ariel Ricker

κατάλογος
CASE GRE 220518
HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS
Physical attack / Threats
The International Secretariat of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) requests your urgent intervention in the following situation in Greece.
Description of the situation:
The International Secretariat of OMCT has been informed by has been informed by the Greek Helsinki Monitor (GHM) about the physical attack and threats against Ms. Ariel Ricker, human rights defender and Executive Director of Advocate Abroad, a legal aid civil society organisation which aims to inform refugees of their rights in Greece.
According to the information received, on April 22, 2018, at around midnight, Ms. Ariel Ricker was attacked and hit by a brick thrown at her head while she was standing guard in a solidarity circle to protect women and children refuges gathered for several days in Sappho Square, Lesvos, to protest against the conditions in Moria camp, from a group of rioters. The brick broke the safety helmet Ms. Ariel Ricker was wearing and was concussed and felt to the ground. Another solidarity actor was roughly hit with a brick 20 minutes later. Hours later, after being able to reach the hospital, Ms. Ricker was examined briefly by one nurse, then given one X-Ray and one MRI, and sent home without medication or prescription for medication.
These attacks took place in the context of a broader assault against the refugees gathered in Sappho Square, that began around 20:00, by a group of rioters. Firecrackers, bottles of water, stunners, flares, glasses from the cafes, and bricks were continuously thrown all night by the rioters at the refugees and the solidarity circle.
The police had formed four lines but failed to adequately defend the refugees and the solidarity actors and human rights defenders who were accompanying them. They even threatened multiple times to beat refugees and solidarity actors, including Ms. Ricker if they did not stay within the solidarity circle and put away their cameras. Additionally, although the attacks happened before their eyes, the police did not arrest the perpetrators of the attacks against Ms. Ricker and other defenders, while they arrested over 100 protesting refugees for illegal camping[1].
OMCT highlights that the situation of human rights defenders and solidarity actors in Greece has been critical for years. Human rights defenders dealing with this matter are consistently targeted for their legitimate work and face different types of attacks, including surveillance, arbitrary arrests, detentions, ill-treatment, entry bans and expulsion[2]. Moreover several complaints related to racism and minority’s rights have not been investigated and/or have been sent to the “archive of unknown perpetrators” [3]. The Observatory is particularly concerned by the continued increasing of violent attacks and threats against minority rights defenders in Greece [4].
OMCT strongly condemns the physical attacks and threats perpetrated against Ms. Ariel Ricker, as well as the solidarity actors protecting and providing assistance to refugees and minority rights defenders, that aim at preventing them from continuing their human right work, as well as the absence of any arrests of the perpetrators of these attacks
OMCT expresses its deep concern for the overall situation of minority rights defenders in Greece, and urges the Greek authorities to conduct an immediate, thorough, impartial and transparent investigation into the above-mentioned incidents in order to identify all those responsible, bring them before an independent tribunal, and sanction them as provided by the law.
Actions requested:
Please write to the authorities in Greece, urging them to:
i.               Put in place all necessary measures to guarantee the security and the physical and psychological integrity of Ms. Ariel Ricker as well as of all minority rights defenders in Greece;
ii.              Carry out an immediate, thorough, impartial, and transparent investigation into the events described above in order to identify all those responsible, and sanction them as provided by the law;
iii.            Put an end to all acts of harassment against Ms. Ariel Ricker, as well as all minority rights defenders in Greece, so that they are able to carry out their work without hindrance or fear of reprisals;
iv.             Comply with all the provisions of the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 9, 1998, in particular with its Articles 1, 5(b), and 12.2;
v.              Ensure in all circumstances the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and with international human rights instruments ratified by Greece.
Addresses:
  • Prime Minister of Greece, Mr. Alexis Tsipras, Email: mail@primeminister.gr
  • Minister of Justice Mr. Stavros Kontonis Email: grammateia@justice.gov.gr
  • Alternate Minister for Citizens Protection of Greece, Mr. Nikolaos Toskas, Fax: +30 210 692 9764, Email: minister@mopocp.gov.gr
  • General Secretary for Transparency and Human Rights, Ms. Maria Yannakaki, Fax: Email: ggdad@justice.gov.gr
  • Deputy Permanent Representative of Greece, Mr. Ioannis Tsaousis, First Counsellor, Permanent Mission of Greece to the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, Fax: +41 22 732 21 50; Email: grdel.gva@mfa.gr
  • Ambassador of Greece, H.E. Eleftheria Galathianaki, Embassy of Greece in Brussels, Belgium, Fax: (+32) 2 545 5585, Email: gremb.bru@mfa.gr
  • Permanent Representative of Greece, H.E. Papastavrou Andreas, Permanent Representation to the European Union (EU), Fax: +32 2 5515651, 5127912 Email: mea.bruxelles@rp-greece.be
Please also write to the diplomatic representations of Greece in your respective countries.
***
Geneva, May 22, 2018
Kindly inform us of any action undertaken quoting the code of this appeal in your reply.
Created in 1985, the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) works for, with and through an international coalition of over 200 non-governmental organisations – the SOS-Torture Network – fighting torture, summary executions, enforced disappearances, arbitrary detentions, and all other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment in the world. OMCT and its SOS-Torture Network are today one of the leading networks working for the protection of human rights defenders at the international level.

[2]                See OMCT’s Written Submission to the 35th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council on the
against minority human rights defenders”, issued on February 21, 2018.
[3]                See OMCT’s Urgent appeal “Greece: Impunity regarding the attacks perpetrated in December 2016 against minority rights defenders“, issued on February 21, 2018
[4]                See the Observatory’s Urgent Appeal on the break-in and arson attack of the Afghan Community Centre’spremises in Athens and the threats targeting the Hellenic League for Human Rights (HLHR), GRE 001 / 0318 / OBS 036, published on March 30, 2018.

Greece: Break-in and arson attack of the Afghan Community Centre and threats targeting the Hellenic League for Human Rights by an extreme right-wing group

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Greece: Break-in and arson attack of the Afghan Community Centre and threats targeting the Hellenic League for Human Rights by an extreme right-wing group

URGENT APPEAL – THE OBSERVATORY

 

GRE 001 / 0318 / OBS 036

Arson attack / Break-in / Threats

Greece
March 30, 2018
The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a partnership of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and FIDH, requests your urgent intervention in the following situation in Greece.

 

Description of the situation:

 

The Observatory has been informed by the Greek Helsinki Monitor (GHM) about the break-in and arson attack of the Afghan Community Centre’s[1] premises in Athens as well as about threats targeting the Hellenic League for Human Rights (HLHR) and originating from an extreme right-wing group, calling itself Krypteia.

According to the information received, on March 22, 2018, at around 1 pm, an arson attack with racist motives was perpetrated against the Afghan Community Centre’s premises located in central Athens.

 

The assailants broke into the Afghan Community Centre’s premises and smashed computers, speakers and framed photos on the wall, before starting the fire by pouring flammable liquid in the office. The arson attack caused significant damages to the premises, but luckily no injuries, since at this time the office workers had left on their lunch break. A complaint has been filed before the department engaged in the fight against racial violence of the Hellenic police in Athens, which is currently investigating the incident.

 

On March 23, 2018, a little-known extreme right-wing group, calling itself Krypteia[2] claimed responsibility for the arson attack on the Afghan Community Centre, in a call to the Greek newspaper “Ethnos”.

 

The Observatory recalls that this not the first racist incident targeting the Afghan Community Centre and its work advocating for the respect of the Afghan migrant and refugee community’s human rights. The arson attack comes after the Afghan Community Centre received a swell of death threats from far-right groups. Moreover, in 2010, the Afghan Community Centre had already been attacked by a band of far-right assailants armed with sticks and knives, who kicked in the door of its premises, broke in, destroyed and beat Mr. Yonous Muhammadi, who was president of the Afghan Community in Greece at the time.

 

In addition, on March 22, members of HLHR’s staff were threatened by members of Krypteia at their office in central Athens. They hit the doorbell at the entrance of the block where the office is located and threatened HLHR’s staff over the interphone and advised them to take great care. Shortly after the incident, HLHR filed a complaint before the department engaged in the fight against racial violence of the Hellenic police in Athens, which is currently investigating the incident. Prior to this incident HLHR had already been threatened by Krypteia over the phone in relation to their work on migrants and refugee rights and in particular their collaboration with Racist Violence Recording Network[3].

 

The Observatory highlights that the situation of minority rights defenders in Greece has been critical for years. Human rights defenders dealing with this matter are consistently targeted for their legitimate work and face different types of attacks, surveillance, arbitrary arrests, detentions, ill-treatment, entry bans and expulsion[4]. The Observatory is also concerned by the fact that several complaints related to racism and minority’s rights have not been investigated and/or have been sent to the “archive of unknown perpetrators”[5].

 

The Observatory expresses its deep concern for the overall situation of minority rights defenders in Greece, and urges the Greek authorities to conduct an immediate, thorough, impartial and transparent investigation into the above-mentioned incidents against the Afghan Community Centre and HLHR in order to identify all those responsible, bring them before an independent tribunal, and sanction them as provided by the law.

 

Actions requested:

 

Please write to the authorities of Greece asking them to:

 

  1. Put in place all necessary measures to guarantee the security and the physical and psychological integrity of the staff members of the Afghan Community Centre and HLHR, as well as of all minority rights defenders in Greece;
  2. Carry out an immediate, thorough, impartial, and transparent investigation into the events described above in order to identify all those responsible, and sanction them as provided by the law;
  3. Put an end to all acts of harassment against the Afghan Community Centre and HLHR, as well as all minority rights defenders in Greece, so that they are able to carry out their work without hindrance or fear of reprisals;
  4. Comply with all the provisions of the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 9, 1998, in particular with its Articles 1, 5(b), and 12.2;
  5. Ensure in all circumstances the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and with international human rights instruments ratified by Greece.

 

Addresses:

 

  • Prime Minister of Greece, Mr. Alexis Tsipras, Email: mail@primeminister.gr
  • Minister of Justice Mr. Stavros Kontonis Email: grammateia@justice.gov.gr
  • Alternate Minister for Citizens Protection of Greece, Mr. Nikolaos Toskas, Fax: +30 210 692 9764, Email:minister@mopocp.gov.gr
  • General Secretary for Transparency and Human Rights, Ms. Maria Yannakaki, Fax: Email: ggdad@justice.gov.gr
  • Deputy Permanent Representative of Greece, Mr. Ioannis Tsaousis, First Counsellor, Permanent Mission of Greece to the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, Fax: +41 22 732 21 50; Email: gva@mfa.gr
  • Ambassador of Greece, H.E. Eleftheria Galathianaki, Embassy of Greece in Brussels, Belgium, Fax: (+32) 2 545 5585, Email: bru@mfa.gr
  • Permanent Representative of Greece, H.E. Papastavrou Andreas, Permanent Representation to the European Union (EU), Fax: +32 2 5515651, 5127912
    Email: bruxelles@rp-greece.be

Please also write to the diplomatic representations of Greece in your respective countries.

***

 

Geneva-Paris, March 30, 2018

 

Kindly inform us of any action undertaken quoting the code of this appeal in your reply.

 

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (the Observatory) was created in 1997 by the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and FIDH. The objective of this programme is to prevent or remedy situations of repression against human rights defenders. OMCT and FIDH are both members of ProtectDefenders.eu, the European Union Human Rights Defenders Mechanism implemented by international civil society.

 

To contact the Observatory, call the emergency line:

  • E-mail: Appeals@fidh-omct.org
  • Tel and fax OMCT +41 (0) 22 809 49 39 / +41 22 809 49 29
  • Tel and fax FIDH +33 (0) 1 43 55 25 18 / +33 1 43 55 18 80

 

[1]                The Afghan Community Centre is the main non-governmental organisation representing and defending human rights of the Afghan migrant and refugee community in Greece. Its office is also the community Centre where classes, celebrations and gathering with children and adults usually take place.

[2]                This group was largely unknown until it took credit for an attack on Emir, an 11-year-old Afghan boy’s home in November 2017, where they left behind a note urging him to “go back to [his] village”.

[3]                The Racist Violence Recording Network primarily focuses on monitoring and recording of racist attacks against refugees and migrants in Greece and has received similar threats by Krypteia.

[4]                See OMCT’s Written Submission to the 35th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council on the situation of minority rights defenders in Greece of May 25, 2017.

[5]                See OMCT’s Urgent appeal “Greece: Impunity regarding the attacks perpetrated in December 2016 against minority human rights defenders”, issued on February 21, 2018.


Update

On 2 April 2018, in response to this appeal, Maria Yannakaki asked the Supreme Court Prosecutor to see that a criminal investigation is launched (http://www.efsyn.gr/arthro/eisaggeliki-paremvasi-gia-ton-emprismo-tis-afganikis-koinotitas-zita-i-m-giannakaki)


 

United States: Torture should qualify for trial and not running the CIA

Ελλάδα: Ατιμωρησία για επιθέσεις που διαπράχθηκαν το Δεκέμβριο 2016 κατά υπερασπιστών μειονοτικών ανθρώπινων δικαιωμάτων

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Ελλάδα: Ατιμωρησία για επιθέσεις που διαπράχθηκαν το Δεκέμβριο 2016 κατά υπερασπιστών μειονοτικών ανθρώπινων δικαιωμάτων
(μετάφραση από το πρωτότυπο στα αγγλικά http://www.omct.org/human-rights-defenders/urgent-interventions/greece/2018/02/d24734/)

ΥΠΟΘΕΣΗ GRE 060117.1
ΥΠΕΡΑΣΠΙΣΤΕΣ ΑΝΘΡΩΠΙΝΩΝ ΔΙΚΑΙΩΜΑΤΩΝ

Περιορισμοί στην ελευθερία του συνεταιρίζεσθαι / Παρενόχληση / Απειλές κατά της ζωής / Έλλειψη έρευνας / Ατιμωρησία

Η Διεθνής Γραμματεία της Παγκόσμιας Οργάνωσης κατά των Βασανιστηρίων (OMCT) ζητά την επείγουσα παρέμβασή σας στην ακόλουθη κατάσταση στην Ελλάδα.

Νέες πληροφορίες:

Η Διεθνής Γραμματεία της OMCT έχει ενημερωθεί από αξιόπιστες πηγές σχετικά με την έλλειψη διερεύνησης που οδηγεί στην ατιμωρησία για τις επιθέσεις που διαπράχθηκαν το Δεκέμβριο 2016 κατά των υπερασπιστών ανθρώπινων δικαιωμάτων που ασχολούνται με μειονοτικά δικαιώματα στην Ελλάδα.

ekdilwsi-meionotites-eshea-body-image-1481624113 golden dawnΟι κατά την Εισαγγελία “άγνωστοι δράστες” της χρυσαυγίτικης επίθεσης

Σύμφωνα με τις πληροφορίες που έλαβε, στις 22 Δεκεμβρίου 2017 ο εισαγγελέας έβαλε τη δικογραφία στο «αρχείο άγνωστων δραστών» για τα ακόλουθα δύο αδικήματα: «απειλή από κοινού με την επιβαρυντική περίσταση άρθρου 81Α Π.Κ.» και «εξύβριση από κοινού με την επιβαρυντική περίσταση άρθρου 81Α Π.Κ.».

Η OMCT υπενθυμίζει ότι στις 12 Δεκεμβρίου 2016 έξι βουλευτές του ακροδεξιού κόμματος Χρυσή Αυγή και μερικοί από τους οπαδούς τους είχαν προβεί σε απειλές κατά της ζωής και βίαιες λεκτικές επιθέσεις κατά υπερασπιστών των δικαιωμάτων των μειονοτήτων κατά τη διάρκεια εκδήλωσης με θέμα «Εθνικές μειονότητες στην Ελλάδα». Η ενέργεια του Εισαγγελέα ακολούθησε μήνυση για ρατσιστικά εγκλήματα που κατατέθηκε ενώπιον του Εισαγγελέα Πρωτοδικών Αθηνών στις 21 Δεκεμβρίου 2016 από το Ελληνικό Παρατηρητήριο των Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι (ΕΠΣΕ) και το Κόμμα της Ισότητας, Ειρήνης και Φιλίας (Dostluk Esitlik Baris – DEB) [1] κατά τόσο των μελών της Χρυσής Αυγής, όσο και της ηγεσίας της Ελληνικής Αστυνομίας (βλ. πληροφορίες για το ιστορικό).

Σύμφωνα με τις ίδιες πληροφορίες, μετά την κατάθεση της μήνυσης δεν έγινε καμιά διερεύνησή της και η μόνη ενέργεια συνίστατο σε ένορκη κατάθεση αστυνομικού τον Ιούλιο 2017, στην οποία δήλωνε ότι η αστυνομία προσπάθησε να εντοπίσει τους δράστες αλλά δεν ήταν σε θέση να το πράξει, παρά την ύπαρξη φωτογραφικού υλικού των επιθέσεων και το γεγονός ότι ορισμένοι από τους δράστες είναι γνωστοί εξαιτίας του ρόλου τους ως βουλευτών στο Ελληνικό Κοινοβούλιο. Επιπλέον, ούτε το ΕΠΣΕ ούτε το DEB ενημερώθηκαν για οποιαδήποτε διεξαγόμενη έρευνα ούτε κλήθηκαν να καταθέσουν σε αυτήν τη δικογραφία. Ομοίως, κανένας από τους μάρτυρες που θα πρότειναν οι δύο οργανώσεις δεν κλήθηκε να καταθέσει.

Η OMCT υπενθυμίζει ότι η κατάσταση των υπερασπιστών των δικαιωμάτων των μειονοτήτων στην Ελλάδα υπήρξε κρίσιμη εδώ και χρόνια. Οι υπερασπιστές των ανθρωπίνων δικαιωμάτων που ασχολούνται με αυτό το θέμα συστηματικά στοχοποιούνται για το νόμιμο έργο τους και αντιμετωπίζουν διάφορες μορφές επιθέσεων, παρακολούθησης, αυθαίρετων συλλήψεων, κρατήσεων, κακομεταχείρισης, απαγορεύσεων εισόδου και απέλασης [2] . Επιπλέον, δεν είναι η πρώτη μήνυση που σχετίζεται με το ρατσισμό και τα δικαιώματα των μειονοτήτων που δεν έχει ερευνηθεί ή / και έχει σταλεί στο «αρχείο άγνωστων δραστών».

Η OMCT εκφράζει τη βαθιά της ανησυχία για τη γενική κατάσταση των υπερασπιστών των δικαιωμάτων των μειονοτήτων στην Ελλάδα και προτρέπει τις ελληνικές αρχές να διερευνήσουν άμεσα και αποτελεσματικά τη μήνυση σχετικά με τα γεγονότα της 12 Δεκεμβρίου 2016 και να οδηγήσουν τους υπευθύνους ενώπιον της δικαιοσύνης.

Γενικές πληροφορίες:

Στις 12 Δεκεμβρίου 2016 έξι βουλευτές που ανήκουν στο ελληνικό ακροδεξιό κόμμα Χρυσή Αυγή και ορισμένοι από τους οπαδούς τους διέκοψαν βίαια μια εκδήλωση για την Ημέρα Ανθρώπινων Δικαιωμάτων που διοργανώθηκε από το Ελληνικό Παρατηρητήριο των Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι (ΕΠΣΕ) και το Κόμμα Ισότητας, Ειρήνης και Φιλίας (Dostluk Esitlik Baris – DEB), με θέμα «Οι εθνικές μειονότητες στην Ελλάδα και οι συστάσεις των διεθνών οργανισμών».

Κατά τη διάρκεια της επίθεσης, τα έξι μέλη της Χρυσής Αυγής και οι οπαδοί τους μπήκαν στην αίθουσα φωνάζοντας ρατσιστικά συνθήματα και απειλούσαν τους συμμετέχοντες. Οι λεκτικές επιθέσεις, οι απειλές κατά της ζωής εναντίον των συμμετεχόντων, ιδίως κατά του Προέδρου του Κόμματος DEB Mustafa Ali Cavus, και συνθήματα όπως «Έξω οι Τούρκοι από την Ελλάδα» εκστομίστηκαν κατά τη διάρκεια αυτού του περιστατικού.

Παρά την προειδοποίηση που έλαβε πριν από την εκδήλωση και τις γραπτές υποσχέσεις που δόθηκαν στο ΕΠΣΕ για την ομαλή διεξαγωγή της διάσκεψης, η Ελληνική Αστυνομία δεν έλαβε κανένα μέτρο για την προστασία της ακεραιότητας των συμμετεχόντων ούτε για την εξασφάλιση της ελευθερίας του λόγου και του συνεταιρίζεσθαι.

Επιπλέον, οι ελληνικές εισαγγελικές αρχές δεν έκαναν καμία αυτεπάγγελτη ενέργεια μετά από αυτή τη βίαιη και απειλητική ενέργεια των βουλευτών της Χρυσής Αυγής και την αποτυχία της αστυνομίας να προβεί σε οποιαδήποτε ενέργεια.

Ενέργειες που ζητούνται:

Παρακαλείστε να απευθυνθείτε στις αρχές της Ελλάδας ζητώντας τους:

  1. Να διεξάγουν άμεση, διεξοδική, αμερόληπτη και διαφανή διερεύνηση των γεγονότων που περιγράφονται ανωτέρω προκειμένου να εντοπισθούν όλους τους υπεύθυνους και να τους επιβάλουν κυρώσεις, όπως προβλέπεται από το νόμο.
  2. Να τερματίσουν όλες τις πράξεις παρενόχλησης εναντίον όλων των υπερασπιστών των δικαιωμάτων των μειονοτήτων στην Ελλάδα, ώστε να είναι σε θέση να εκτελούν το έργο τους χωρίς εμπόδια ή φόβο αντιποίνων.
  3. Να θεσπίσουν όλα τα απαραίτητα μέτρα για τη διασφάλιση της φυσικής και ψυχολογικής ακεραιότητας των υπερασπιστών των δικαιωμάτων των μειονοτήτων στην Ελλάδα.
  4. Να συμμορφωθούν με όλες τις διατάξεις της Διακήρυξης του ΟΗΕ για τους Υπερασπιστές των Ανθρώπινων Δικαιωμάτων, που εγκρίθηκε από τη Γενική Συνέλευση των Ηνωμένων Εθνών στις 9 Δεκεμβρίου 1998, ιδίως με τα άρθρα 1, 5 (β) και 12.2.
  5. Να εξασφαλίσουν σε κάθε περίπτωση το σεβασμό των ανθρώπινων δικαιωμάτων και των θεμελιωδών ελευθεριών σύμφωνα με την Οικουμενική Διακήρυξη των Ανθρωπίνων Δικαιωμάτων και με τις διεθνείς συμβάσεις για τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα που έχει επικυρώσει η Ελλάδα.

Διευθύνσεις:

  • Πρωθυπουργό της Ελλάδας, κύριο Αλέξη Τσίπρα, Email: mail@primeminister.gr
  • Υπουργό Δικαιοσύνης κύριο Σταύρο Κοντονή Email: grammateia@justice.gov.gr
  • Αναπληρωτή Υπουργό Προστασίας του Πολίτη της Ελλάδος, κύριο Νικόλαο Τόσκα, Φαξ: 210 692 9764, Email: minister@mopocp.gov.gr.
  • Γενική Γραμματέα Διαφάνειας και Ανθρωπίνων Δικαιωμάτων, κυρία Μαρία Γιαννακάκη, Email: ggdad@justice.gov.gr
  • Αναπληρωτή Μόνιμο Αντιπρόσωπο της Ελλάδας, κύριο Ιωάννη Τσαούση, Σύμβουλο Α’, Μόνιμη Αποστολή της Ελλάδος στα Ηνωμένα Έθνη στη Γενεύη, Ελβετία, Φαξ: +41 22 732 21 50. Email: grdel.gva@mfa.gr
  • Πρεσβευτή της Ελλάδος, Α.Ε. Ελευθερία Γαλαθιανάκη, Πρεσβεία της Ελλάδας στις Βρυξέλλες, Βέλγιο, Φαξ: (+32) 2 545 5585, Email: gremb.bru@mfa.gr
  • Μόνιμο Αντιπρόσωπο της Ελλάδας, Α.Ε. Ανδρέα Παπασταύρου, Μόνιμη Αντιπροσωπεία στην Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση (ΕΕ), Φαξ: +32 2 5515651, 5127912 Email: mea.bruxelles@rp-greece.be

Παρακαλούμε επίσης να γράψετε στις διπλωματικές αντιπροσωπείες της Ελλάδας στις αντίστοιχες χώρες σας.

***

Γενεύη, 21 Φεβρουαρίου 2018

Παρακαλείσθε να μας ενημερώσετε για κάθε ενέργεια που αναλαμβάνεται αναφέροντας τον κώδικα αυτής της προσφυγής στην απάντησή σας.

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[1]  Το Κόμμα Ισότητα, Ειρήνης και Φιλίας είναι ένα ελληνικό πολιτικό κόμμα που ιδρύθηκε το 1991 για να εκπροσωπήσει τα συμφέροντα της τουρκικής μειονότητας στην Ελλάδα.

[2] Δείτε τη γραπτή υποβολή της OMCT στην 35η σύνοδο του Συμβουλίου Ανθρωπίνων Δικαιωμάτων των Ηνωμένων Εθνών σχετικά με την κατάσταση των υπερασπιστών των δικαιωμάτων των μειονοτήτων στην Ελλάδα: http://www.omct.org/human-rights-defenders/reports-and-publications/greece/2017/05/d24586/


Η Εφημερίδα των Συντακτών

Ατιμωρησία για τη χρυσαυγίτικη επίθεση σε εκδήλωση για τις μειονότητες

Χρυσαυγίτικη επίθεση σε εκδήλωση για τις μειονότητες

Λένε ότι η ατιμωρησία αποθρασύνει… Μπορεί να υπήρχαν φωτογραφίες και βίντεο από την επίθεση μελών της Χρυσής Αυγής -ανάμεσά τους και έξι βουλευτές- σε εκδήλωση στις 12 Δεκεμβρίου 2016 για τις «Εθνικές μειονότητες στην Ελλάδα», ωστόσο έναν χρόνο αργότερα, στις 22/12/2017, ο εισαγγελέας έβαλε τη δικογραφία στο «αρχείο αγνώστων δραστών».

Αυτός είναι και ο λόγος που η Διεθνής Γραμματεία της Παγκόσμιας Οργάνωσης κατά των Βασανιστηρίων (OMCT) ζητά την επείγουσα παρέμβαση του πρωθυπουργού, των υπουργών Δικαιοσύνης και Προστασίας του Πολίτη, της γ.γ. Διαφάνειας και Ανθρωπίνων Δικαιωμάτων και άλλων αξιωματούχων.

Στη σχετική ανακοίνωσή της, η OMCT εκφράζει τη βαθιά της ανησυχία για τη γενική κατάσταση των υπερασπιστών των δικαιωμάτων των μειονοτήτων στην Ελλάδα και προτρέπει τις ελληνικές αρχές να διερευνήσουν άμεσα και αποτελεσματικά τη μήνυση σχετικά με τα γεγονότα της 12ης Δεκεμβρίου 2016 και να οδηγήσουν τους υπευθύνους ενώπιον της Δικαιοσύνης.

«Περιορισμοί στην ελευθερία τού συνεταιρίζεσθαι / Παρενόχληση / Απειλές κατά της ζωής / Ελλειψη έρευνας / Ατιμωρησία» είναι οι λέξεις που χρησιμοποιεί η παγκόσμια οργάνωση επιγραμματικά για το γεγονός ότι την ημέρα των ανθρωπίνων δικαιωμάτων στη συνέντευξη Τύπου εισέβαλαν τα έξι μέλη της Χρυσής Αυγής και οι οπαδοί τους φωνάζοντας ρατσιστικά συνθήματα και απειλώντας τους συμμετέχοντες.

«Οι λεκτικές επιθέσεις, οι απειλές κατά της ζωής εναντίον των συμμετεχόντων, ιδίως κατά του προέδρου του κόμματος DEB Mustafa Ali Cavus, και συνθήματα όπως «Εξω οι Τούρκοι από την Ελλάδα» εκστομίστηκαν κατά τη διάρκεια αυτού του περιστατικού», σύμφωνα με την ανακοίνωση της ΟMCT.

Μετά την εισβολή, που είχε καλύψει και η «Εφ.Συν.», το Ελληνικό Παρατηρητήριο των Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι (ΕΠΣΕ) και το Κόμμα της Ισότητας, Ειρήνης και Φιλίας (Dostluk Esitlik Baris – DEB) κατέθεσαν μήνυση ενώπιον του εισαγγελέα Πρωτοδικών Αθηνών κατά τόσο των μελών της Χρυσής Αυγής όσο και της ηγεσίας της Ελληνικής Αστυνομίας, ενώ η δικογραφία που μπήκε στο αρχείο αφορούσε τα αδικήματα «απειλή από κοινού με την επιβαρυντική περίσταση άρθρου 81Α Π.Κ.» και «εξύβριση από κοινού με την επιβαρυντική περίσταση άρθρου 81Α Π.Κ.».

Αλλωστε, όπως θυμίζει η παγκόσμια οργάνωση, δεν είναι η πρώτη μήνυση που σχετίζεται με τον ρατσισμό και τα δικαιώματα των μειονοτήτων που δεν έχει διερευνηθεί, ενώ οι υπερασπιστές των ανθρωπίνων δικαιωμάτων που ασχολούνται με αυτό το θέμα συστηματικά στοχοποιούνται και δέχονται διάφορες μορφές επιθέσεων.

Καλεί, τέλος, τις ελληνικές αρχές, ανάμεσα σε άλλα, να διερευνήσουν άμεσα τα γεγονότα προκειμένου να εντοπιστούν οι υπεύθυνοι και να τους επιβληθούν οι νόμιμες κυρώσεις.


26/02/2018: Αίτηση ανάσυρσης πέντε δικογραφιών για ρατσιστικά εγκλήματα